The Innovation for Development Report 2009-2010Strengthening Innovation for the Prosperity of Nations
The relative importance of various drivers of economic growth and prosperity has evolved over time and for a growing number of countries, innovation, in its many dimensions, is emerging as a leading factor. The 'Innovation for Development Report' provides a comprehensive look at the role of innovation in enhancing the development process.
Preface Executive Summary Part 1: The Innovation Capacity Index 1.1 The Innovation Capacity Index: Factors, Policies, and Institutions Driving Country Innovation - by Augusto López-Claros and Yasmina N. Mata Part 2: Dimensions of Innovation 2.1 Enabling Innovative Entrepreneurship through Business Incubation - by Mohsen Khalil and Ellen Olafsen 2.2 The US Patent System: Does It Strengthen or Weaken Innovation and Progress? - by Josh Lerner and Adam B. Jaffe 2.3 Innovation Policy as Cargo Cult: Myth and Reality in Knowledge-Led Productivity Growth - by Alan Hughes 2.4 International Mobility of the Highly Skilled: Impact and Policy Approaches - by Ester Basri and Sarah Box 2.5 Grassroots Green Innovations for Inclusive Sustainable Development - by Anil K. Gupta 2.6 Quantifying the Impact of ICTs on Growth in Developing Economies - by Markus Haacker 2.7 Good Governance for Sustained Growth and Development - by Daniel Kaufmann 2.8 Dynamics and Challenges of Innovation in Germany - by Alexander Ebner and Florian Täube 2.9 From Enlightenment to Enablement: Opening Up Choices for Innovation - by Andrew C. Stirling 2.10 How Do Emerging Markets Innovate? Evidence from Brazil and India - by Simon Commander 2.11 Technology and Innovation for Addressing Climate Change: Delivering on the Promise - by Laura Altinger 2.12 Innovation and Social Development in Latin America - by Hernán Rincón Part 3: Innovation Profiles Introduction Innovation profiles Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Brazil Botswana Bulgaria Canada Chile China, People's Republic of Colombia Costa Rica Czech Republic Denmark Egypt, Arab Republic of El Salvador Estonia, Republic of Finland France Germany Ghana Greece Hungary India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Ireland Israel Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan, Republic of Kenya Korea, Republic of Kuwait Latvia, Republic of Lithuania, Republic of Malaysia Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Norway Pakistan Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saudi Arabia Singapore Slovenia, Republic of South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom United States Uruguay Venezuela Vietnam About the Authors Acknowledgements
AUGUSTO LOPEZ-CLAROS was the Chief Economist and Director of the Global Competitiveness Program at the World Economic Forum in Geneva (2003-2006), where he was the editor of the Global Competitiveness Report, the Forum's flagship publication. He is the founder of EFD – Global Consulting Network, an international consultancy specializing in economic, financial and development issues and working with governments and private corporations on a broad range of subjects, including aspects of economic reform in transition economies, competitiveness and productivity, and the role of technology and innovation in the development process. In 2007 he was co-editor of The International Monetary System, the IMF, and the G-20: A Great Transformation in the Making? and also The Humanitarian Response Index: Measuring Commitment to Best Practice, both published by Palgrave. A summary of recent activities and projects can be found at www.augustolopez-claros.net.